Wednesday, March 19, 2014

Human Genome Project.

Human Genome Project

Human Genome Project (HGP) is the project of the future, the finding is to determine the DNA sequence of the human genome. The project was coordinated by the National Institutes of Heath and the U.S department of Energy. there also additional contributor included universities across the United Sates and international partners in the united kingdom, France, Germany, Japan, and China. The formal date year of  human genome project is 1990 and was completed in 2003, 2 years ahead of its original schedule. 
The work of the Human Genome Project has allowed researcher to begin to understand the blue print for the building  a person. As researcher learn more about the function of gene and protein, this knowledge will major impact in the fields of medicine, biotechnology and life science.

The project had its ideological origin in the mid 1980, but its intellectual roots stretch back further. In 1911, Alfred Sturtevant created the first Drosophila gene map. Two well known scientist, James Watson and Francis Crick, who discovered the double helical structure of the DNA molecules in 1953. This has become the crucial first step in molecular genome analysis.
In June 2000, an astonishing announcement was made, where majority of the human genome had in fact been sequenced. This follows by the publication of 90 percent of the sequence of the genome three billion base pairs in the journal Nature, in February 2001.

Now you're probably wondering how does this would benefit us ?
well it's simple, the human genome project was design to better understand and determine the sequence that make up the human DNA. This information could be used to achieve many goals in the molecular medicine. It also mean improvement in the diagnosis of disease or gene therapy. Risk assessment is another huge part of the advantage of human genome project , such as reducing the chanced of the heritable mutation such as sickle shape anemia. 

In short, the human genome, is the blueprint of life

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