Human Genome Project
Genome Project (HGP) is the project of the future, the finding is to
determine the DNA sequence of the human genome. The project was
coordinated by the National Institutes of Heath and the U.S department
of Energy. there also additional contributor included universities
across the United Sates and international partners in the united
kingdom, France, Germany, Japan, and China. The formal date year of
human genome project is 1990 and was completed in 2003, 2 years ahead of
its original schedule.
work of the Human Genome Project has allowed researcher to begin to
understand the blue print for the building a person. As researcher
learn more about the function of gene and protein, this knowledge will
major impact in the fields of medicine, biotechnology and life science.
project had its ideological origin in the mid 1980, but its
intellectual roots stretch back further. In 1911, Alfred Sturtevant
created the first Drosophila gene map. Two well known scientist,
James Watson and Francis Crick, who discovered the double helical
structure of the DNA molecules in 1953. This has become the crucial
first step in molecular genome analysis.
June 2000, an astonishing announcement was made, where majority of the
human genome had in fact been sequenced. This follows by the publication
of 90 percent of the sequence of the genome three billion base pairs in
the journal Nature, in February 2001.
Now you're probably wondering how does this would benefit us ?
it's simple, the human genome project was design to better understand
and determine the sequence that make up the human DNA. This information
could be used to achieve many goals in the molecular medicine. It also
mean improvement in the diagnosis of disease or gene therapy. Risk
assessment is another huge part of the advantage of human genome project
, such as reducing the chanced of the heritable mutation such as sickle
In short, the human genome, is the blueprint of life